SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (SBE)

The School of Business and Economics was established in the year 2012, with a mission to provide a holistic Business Education, Training and Research in Human Capital Development aiming to produce globally competitive graduates.

The school has two departments;

  1. Department of Accounting and Finance

 

  1. Department of Business Management

 

The school of Business and Economics (SBE) offers competitive and market driven programmes in Certificate, Diploma, Undergraduate and Masters Levels. In addition, the school has launched a PhD programme in Business Management.

SBE focuses on ensuring quality standards are adhered to through incorporation of active programme advisors for each programme. Our students are offered quality theory and practical studies by effecting the comprehensive curricula and industrial attachment. This ultimately prepares the student for the competitive work environment. The school is on advanced stages to fully register a Business Club which will open the students to a vast networking platform both nationally and internationally. The exposure will offer an opportunity to broaden their knowledge on current and emerging issues in the world of business.

SBE courses are offered both in the main campus and town campus with majority of the government sponsored students in the main campus while the self-sponsored students at the town campus.

Programmes offered in the School of Business and Economics

SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (SBE)
POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES
PROGRAMME ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Ph.D. in Business Management

 

Be a holder of a Master’s degree in a Business related field recognized by Meru University of Science and Technology Senate.

 

Duration: 3 years   Mode of Study: Weekend/Evening   Campus: Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers)

Tuition fees per semester: Ksh. 105,000

Master of Business Administration (MBA) Bachelor’s Degree in a relevant field, with at least Second Class Honours (Upper Division) from MUST or any other institution recognized by MUST Senate

OR;

A Second Class Honours (Lower Division) with at least 2 years relevant working experience.

Master of Science in Entrepreneurship Bachelor’s Degree in a relevant field, with at least a Second Class Honours (Upper Division) from MUST or any other institution recognized by MUST Senate

OR;

A Second Class Honours (Lower Division) with at least 3 years relevant working experience.

Duration: 2 years   Mode of Study: Weekend/Evening   Campus: Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers)

Tuition fees per semester: Ksh. 60,000

UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMMES
PROGRAMME ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Bachelor of Commerce K.C.S.E with a minimum grade of C+ (plus) and a minimum of C (plain) in both Mathematics and English

OR;

Diploma in a relevant discipline with Credit pass from KNEC, KASNEB or any institution recognized by MUST Senate.

Bachelor of Purchasing and Supplies Management
Bachelor of Business Administration
Bachelor of Co-operative Management
Bachelor of Science in Economics
Bachelor of Science in Finance Be a holder of K.C.S.E. (or equivalent examination) certificate with a minimum aggregate of C+ (plus) and a minimum of C (plain) in both Mathematics and English.

OR;

Be a holder of K.A.C.E. certificate with a minimum of two principal passes and subsidiary pass and a minimum of credit pass in Mathematics and English.

OR;

Be a holder of a diploma in a relevant discipline from an institution recognised by the University Senate.

OR;

Be a holder of any other qualification accepted by the University Senate as equivalent to any of the above.

Bachelor of Science in Human Resource Management Be holder of K.C.S.E. (or equivalent examination) certificate with a minimum aggregate of C+ (plus) or its equivalent as determined by the Kenya National Examination Council;

OR;

Be a holder of K.A.C.E certificate with a minimum of two principal passes and a subsidiary pass and a minimum of Credit pass in Mathematics and English.

OR;

Be a holder of a Diploma in a relevant discipline from an institution recognized by the University Senate.

OR;

Be a holder of any other qualification in Business from accredited institutions and programmes.

Duration: 8 semesters   Mode of Study: Full-time/Weekend Campus: Main Campus(Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers)    Tuition fees per semester: Ksh. 45,000
KASNEB COURSES
PROGRAMME ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Certificate in Accounting and Management Skills(CAMS) Mean grade of D+ (plus) in K.C.S.E and above.
Duration: 6 months   Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main Campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers) Tuition fees per stage: Ksh. 12,000
Accounting Technicians Diploma (ATD I) Mean grade of C- (minus) in K.C.S.E and above or a pass in Certificate in Accounting and Management Skills (CAMS)
Accounting Technicians Diploma (ATD II) Pass at ATD I.
Accounting Technicians Diploma(ATD III) Pass at ATD II.
Duration: 6 months   Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main Campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers) Tuition fees per stage: Ksh. 12,000
Certified Public Accountant (CPA I) / Certified Public Secretary (CPS 1)  – Sections 1 & 2
  1. K.C.S.E examination with a mean grade C+ (plus) or its equivalent.
  2. Kenya Advanced Certificate of Education (KACE) with at least two (2) Principal passes provided that the applicant has credits in Mathematics and English at Kenya Certificate of Education (KCE) level or equivalent qualifications.
  3. KASNEB technician, diploma or professional examination certificate.
  4. International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) examination grade C in 6 papers with C in both English and Mathematics.
Certified Public Accountant (CPA II) / Certified Public Secretary (CPS II) – Sections 3 & 4 Pass at CPA I.
Certified Public Accountant (CPA III) / Certified Public Secretary (CPS III) – Sections 5 & 6 Pass at CPA II.
Duration: 6 months   Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers) Tuition fees per section: Ksh. 14,000 (CPA/CPS I), Ksh. 15,000 (CPA/CPS II), Ksh. 16,000 (CPA/CPS III)
Certified Investment and Financial Analysts (CIFA)

Section 1 -6

A degree from a recognized university.

 

Such other certificates or diplomas as may be approved by KASNEB.

Duration: 6 months   Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers) Tuition fees per section: Ksh. 14,000 (CIFA I), Ksh. 15,000 (CIFA II), Ksh. 16,000 (CIFA III)
PROCUREMENT PROFESSIONAL  COURSES
Associate in Procurement and Supply of Kenya(APS-K) level I Mean grade of C- (minus) in K.C.S.E and above.
Associate in Procurement and Supply of Kenya(APS-K) level II Pass in APS-K Level I.
Duration: 6 months   Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main Campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers)   Tuition fees per level : Ksh. 12,000
Certified Procurement and Supply Professional of Kenya (CPSP-K)

 

  1. Pass in APS-K OR;
  2. Degree from a recognized University OR;
  3. K.C.S.E mean grade of C+ (plus) with minimum C+ (plus) in English and in Mathematics OR;
  4. Kenya Advanced Certificate of Education (K.A.C.E.) with at least two principal passes and credits in Mathematics and English at Kenya Certificate of Education (KCE) OR;
  5. Equivalent qualifications as determined by Kenya Institute of Supplies Management (KISM).

Demonstrate knowledge on mitigation of emerging issues in Supply Chain Management.

Duration: 6 months per part, Mode of Study: Full-time/Evening   Campus: Main campus (Nchiru) and Meru Town Campus (Hart Towers) Tuition fees per part: Ksh. 29,000
ACCOUNTING PACKAGES
QuickBooks, Pastel, Sage Accounting Background.

 

 

Course Description

 PhD Business Management

UNIT CODE UNIT TITLE
YEAR 1 SEMESTER I
BBT 6100 Advanced Research Methods for Business 1
 SMA 6100 Advanced Business Statistics
BBT 6101 Corporate and leadership Management
YEAR ONE SEMESTER TWO
CIT 6150 Business   Data Management   & Analysis
BBT6150 Project  Implementation, Monitoring  And Evaluation
Finance Option
BFT 6150 Advanced Theory of Finance
Human Resource Management Option
BBT 6151 Strategic Human Resource Management
YEAR TWO SEMESTER ONE
Finance Option
BFT 6200 International Finance
BFT 6201 Financial Markets and Intermediaries
BFT 6202 Finance Seminar
Human Resource Management Option
BBT 6200 Human Resource Development
BBT 6201 Performance management
BBT 6202 Human Resource Management Seminar
BBT 6250 Research Thesis                                                                                    18  units

  Master of Business Administration

Y1S1

BFA 5125 Contemporary Management

SMB 5100 Statistics for Business

BFA 5126 Financial Accounting

BFA 512 Marketing Management

CIT 5141 Management Information Systems

BFA 5128 Managerial Economics

Y1S2

BFA 5175 Management Accounting

BFA 5176 Financial Management

BFA 5178 Human Resource Management

BFA 5179 Strategic Management

BFA 5180 Innovation and Change Management

BFA 5181 Business Research Methods

Y2S1

HRM Option

BFA5241 Employee Relations

BFA 5242 Compensation and Performance Management

BFA 5243 Procurement and Development of Human Resource

BFA 5244 Human Resource Management Seminar

Finance Option

BFA 5229 Investment & Portfolio Management

BFA 5230 Financial Markets & Intermediation

BFA 5231 Corporate Finance

BFA 5232 Finance Seminar

Elective Unit

BFA 5248 Organizational Behaviour

BFA 5245International Business Management

BACHELOR OF PURCHASING & SUPPLIES MANAGEMENT

S/NO UNIT CODE UNIT NAME
 
1. BBS 3125 Principles of Procurement
2. BBS 3126 Stores Management and Stock Control
3. BFC 3125 Finance Accounting I
4. BBS 3127

 

Supplies and Material Management I
5.  BFC 3228 Auditing Principles and Practice
6. CIT 3100

 

Introduction to Computer Technology

 

Y1S2
7. BFC 3227 Cost Accounting
8. BFB 3103 Principles & Practices of Management
9. BFB 3201 Business Law I
10. BEC 3101 Principles of Microeconomics
11. BFC 3175 Financial Accounting II
12. BFB 3200 Human Resource Management I
13. BBS 3175 Supplies & Materials Management II
14. UCU 3102 Communication Skills
15. UCU 3103 HIV/AIDS
Y2S1
16. UCU 3101 Development Studies and Ethics
17. EFN 3151 Sociology
18. BEC 3125 Principles of Macro Economics
19. BFB 3151 Principles of Marketing
20. SMB 3225 Quantitative Methods I
21. BBS 3225 Distribution  & Warehousing
22. BEC 3325 Transport Economics
Y2S2
23. BFB 3254 Business Law II
24. BEC 3200 Intermediate Microeconomics
25. BBS 3275 Retail Merchandise Management
26. SMB 3276 Quantitative Methods II
27. BFB 3315 Total Quality Management
28. BBS 3276 Inventory Management
29. BBS  3277 Purchasing Policy and Strategy
Y3S1
30. BFB 3358 Production & Operations Management
31. BEC 3275 Intermediate Macroeconomics
32. BFB 3308 Marketing Management
33. BFB 3251 Organizational Behaviour
34. BFB 3150 Risk Management & Insurance
35. BBS 3325 Relationship Management
36. BFC 3379 Investment Analysis & portfolio Management
Y3S2
37. BBS 3375 Transport Management and Policy
38. BBS 3376 Procurement Management
39. BBS 3377 Ethics in Purchasing and Supplies
40. BBS 3378 Public Finance and Purchasing Practices
41. BBS 3350 Strategic Management
42. BBS 3379 Materials Handling and Stores Management
43. BBS 3380 Clearing and Forwarding
44. BBS 3381 Industrial Attachment
Y4S1
45. BBS 3425 International Purchasing
46. CIT 3425 Management Information Systems
47. BEC 3406 International Banking
48. BFC 3226 Introduction to Financial Management
49. BBS 3426  Management of Customer Service
50. CIT 3226  Network System Design and Implementation
51. EMP 3350 Research Methodology I
Y4S2
52. BBS 3475 Entrepreneurship Skills
53. BFB 3403 Industrial Relations
54. BBS 3476 Logistics in Purchasing & Supplies Chain Management
55. BBS 3477 Tactics & Operations in Purchasing & Supplies
56. CIT 3477 E-Commerce
57. BFC 3380 Management Accounting
58. SES 3375 Research Project

BACHELOR OF COOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT

S/NO UNIT CODE UNIT NAME
Y1S1
1. BCM 2121 Co-operative Philosophy
2. HBC 2105 Principles and Practice of Management
3. HBC 2101 Business Statistics
4. BCM 2171 Sociology
5. BCM 2112 Financial Accounting I
6. HBC 212 Principles of Marketing
7. HBC 2102 Constitution & Governance
Y1S2
8. BFM 3151 Cooperative Accounting
9. BEC 3101 Introduction to Micro Economics
10. SMB 3151 Management Mathematics
11. CIB 3110 Introduction to Computer Technology
12. BFC 3175 Financial Accounting II
13. BFM 3152 Principles of Cooperative Management
14. UCU 3102 Communication Skills
15. UCU 3101 Development Studies and Ethics
16. UU 3103 HIV/AIDS
Y2S1
17. BEC 3150 Principles of Macroeconomics
18. SMB 3425 Operations Research I
19. BFC 3276 Introduction to Taxation
20. BFM 3200 Cooperative Law
21. BFM 3201 Cooperative Financial Management
22. BFB 3201 Business Law
Y2S2
23. BEC 3200 Intermediate Micro-Economics Theory
24. BFM 3251 Cooperative Banking
25. CIT 3251 Management Information Systems
26. BFM 3252 Cooperative Financial Reporting
27. BFB 3150 Principles of Insurance
28. BFB 3227 Cost Accounting
29. BBS 3256 Introduction to Purchasing & Supplies Management
Y3S1
30. BBS 3326 Introduction to Supply Chain Management
31. BEC 3250 Intermediate Macroeconomics
32. BFM 3300 Cooperative Human Development

 

Accounting Option
33. BFC 3325 Financial Reporting
34. BFC 3228 Principles of Auditing
35. BFC 3329 Advanced Taxation

 

Finance Option
36. BFM 3301 Micro Finance
37. BFC 3379 Investment & portfolio Management
38. BFM 3302 Management Accounting Reports for Cooperatives
Y3S2
39. BFB 3351 Cooperative Financial Investment Planning Business
40. BFB 3315 Total Quality Management
41. EMP 3350 Research Methodology
42. BFB 3365 Industrial Attachment
Accounting Option
43. BFC 3427 Advanced Auditing
44. BFC 3327 Computerized Accounting
45. BFC 3326 Issues in Taxation
Finance Option
46. BFC 3428 Financial Accounting Theory
47. BFC 3429 Financial Information Systems
48. BEC 3357 Monetary Theory and Practice
Y4S1
49. BFM 3400 Cooperative Development Policies
50. BFM 3401 Corporate Governance
Accounting Option
51. BFM 3403 Advanced Co-operative Financial Reporting
52. BFM 3404 Forensic Accounting
53. BFC 3478 Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting
Finance Option
54. BFC 3328 Financial Institution & Markets
55. BFC 3380 Financial Management in the Public Sector
56. BFC 3429 International Finance
Y4S2
57. BFM 3451 Cooperative Export/Import trade
58. CIT 3477 E-Commerce
59. BFB 3467 Project Management
60. BFC 3426 Research Project (2 UNITS)
Accounting Option
61. BFC 3376 Public Sector Accounting
62. BFC 3377 Bankruptcy & Insolvency Accounts
63. BFC 3378 Trust and Executorships Accounting
Finance Option
64. BCM 2428 Project Finance Management
65. BCM 2426 Project Risk Analysis and Management
66. BFC 3479 Financial Risk Management

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN ECONOMICS

S/NO UNIT CODE UNIT NAME
YIS1
1. CIT 3117

 

Computer Applications
2. BEC 3101 Principles of Microeconomics
3. SMB 3110 Mathematics for Business
4.  BFC 3102 Business Studies
5.  UCU 3101 Development Studies
Y1S2
6. BEC 3150 Principles of Macroeconomics
7. SES 3151 Sociology
8. BEC 3151 Contemporary Economic Issues in Africa
9. BFB 3151  Principles of Marketing
10. BFB 3201 Business Law
11. BFB 3314  Gender and Development
12. UCU 3102 Communication Skills
13. UCU 3103 HIV / AIDS
Y2S1
14. BEC 3200 Intermediate Microeconomics Theory
15. BEC 3201 Mathematics for Economists I
16. BEC 3202 Economic Statistics I
17. BFC 3125 Financial Accounting I
18. BFB 3103 Principles of Management
  Y2S2
19. BEC 3250 Intermediate Macroeconomics Theory
20. BEC 3251 Mathematics for Economists II
21. BEC 3252 Economic Statistics II
22. BFC 3175 Financial Accounting II
23. BEC 3253 Production Economics
24. BFB 3251 Organizational Behaviour
25. COMP 2231 Data Processing Systems Analysis & Design
Y3S1
26. BEC 3300 Economic Development I
27. BEC 3301 Advanced Microeconomic Theory
28. BEC 3302 Econometrics I
29. BEC 3303 Economics of Money and Banking
30. BEC 3304 History of Economic Thought I
31. BEC 3305 Economics of Transport and Infrastructure
32. BEC 3306 Urban and Regional Economics
Y3S2
33. BEC 3350 Economic Development II
34. BEC 3351 Advanced Macroeconomic Theory
35. BEC 3352 Econometrics II
36. BEC 3355 History of Economic Thought II
37. BEC 3356 Economic of Labour
38. BEC 2257 Monetary Theory and Practice
39. EMP 3350 Research Methodology
40. BFB 3365 Industrial Attachment
Y4S1
41. BEC 3400 Economics of Public Policy
42. BEC 3401 International Economics I
43. SMB 3425 Operations Research
44. EMP 3401 Economics of Education
45. BEC 3403 Energy Economics
46. BEC 3404 Health Economics
Y4S2
47. BEC 3450 Entrepreneurship Economics
48. BEC 3451 Public Finance and Fiscal Policy
49. BEC 3452 International Economics II
50. BEC 3453 Project Planning and Evaluation
51. BEC 3454 Economics of Industry
52. BEC 3455 Environmental Economics
53. BEC 3456 Natural Resource Economics
54. BEC 3457 Research Project (2 UNITS)

   BACHELOR OF COMMERCE

S/NO UNIT CODE UNIT NAME
 
1. BFC 3125 Introduction to Accounting I
2. BFB 3104

BFB 3104

Introduction to Business
3. SMB 3110 Mathematics for Business
4. BEC 3102 Introduction to Microeconomics
5. BFB 3103 Principles of Management
6. CIT 3100 Introduction to Computer Technology
Y1S2
7. BFC 3175 Financial Accounting II
8. BFB 3152 Organizational Theory & Development
9. BFB 3150 Insurance and Risk Management
10. SMB 3113 Introduction to Business Statistics
11. BEC 3150 Introduction to Macro-economics
12. BFB 3151 Principles of Marketing
13. UCU 3102 Communication Skills
14. UCU 3101 Development Studies and Ethics
15. UCU 3103 HIV/AIDS
Y2S1
16. BFC 3225 Intermediate Accounting I
17. BFC 3226 Introduction to Financial Management
18. BFC 3227 Cost Accounting
19. BFB 3200 Human Resource Management
20. BEC 3200 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
21. BFB 3201 Business Law
22. BFC 3228 Principles of Auditing
Y2S2
23. BFC 3275 Intermediate Accounting II
24. BFB 3251 Organizational Behaviour
25. SMB 3425 Operations Research
26. BFC 3276 Introduction to Taxation
27. CIT 3291 Computer Applications for Business
28. BEC 3250 Intermediate Macroeconomics Theory
29. BBS 3255 Procurement & Logistics Management

 

Y3S1
30. BEC 3303 Money and Banking
31. BFB 3302 Behavioural Science
32. BFB 3350 Strategic Management
33. BEC 3253 Production Economics
Accounting Option
34. BFC 3325 Financial Reporting
35. BFC 3326 Advanced Taxation
36. BFC 3327 Financial Accounting Theory
Finance Option
37. BFC 3332 Advanced Financial Management
38. BFC 3330 Financial Statement Analysis
39. BFC 3328 Financial Institutions and Markets
Y3S2
40. EMP 3350 Research Methodology
41. BFB 3366 International Business Management
42. BFB 3400 Company Law
43. BFB 3314 Gender and Development
44. BFC 3375 Industrial Attachment
Accounting Option
45. BFC 3376 Public Sector Accounting
46. BFC 3377 Bankruptcy &Insolvency Accounts
47. BFC 3378 Trust & Executorship Accounting
Finance Option
48. BFC 3379 Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management
49. BFC 3380 Financial Management in Public Sector
50. BFC 3381 Project Appraisal
Y4S1
51. BBS 3475 Entrepreneurship Skills
52. BFB 3433 Technology and Innovation
53. BFC 3425 Management Accounting
54. BFB 3414 Introduction to Philosophy
Accounting Option
55. BFC 3426 Advanced Financial Reporting
56. BFC 3427 Advanced Auditing
57. BFC 3428 Computerized Accounting
58. BFC 3429 International Finance
59. BFC 3430 Pensions Finance
60. BFC 3434 Financial Modelling & Forecasting
Y4S2
61. BFB 3358 Production and Operational Management
62. BFC 3475 Management Research Project  (2 UNITS)
63. BFB 3467 Project Management
64. BFB 3473 Business & Social Ethics
Accounting Option
65. BFC 3476 Forensic Accounting
66. BFC 3330 Financial Statement Analysis
67. BFC 3478 Contemporary issues in Management Accounting
Finance Option
68. BFC 3479 Financial Risk Management
69. BFC 3480 Contemporary issues in Financial Management
70. BFC 3481 Real Estate Finance

BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION COURSE STRUCTURE

YEAR I
Course Code                           Course Title                                                                            
UCU 3102       Communication Skills
BFC 3125        Introduction to Accounting I
BFB 3100        Constitution and Governance
EFN 3151        Sociology
BEC 3101         Principles of Micro – Economics
BFB 3103        Principles of Management
CIT 3100           Introduction to Computer Technology
UCU 3103       HIV/AIDS
SEMESTER II
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                        
BFC 3175                                Financial Accounting II
SMB 3151                               Management Mathematics
BFB 3150                                Insurance and Risk Management
SMB 3113                               Introduction to Business Statistics
BEC 3150                               Principles of Macroeconomics
BFB 3151                                Principles of Marketing
UCU3101                               Development Studies  and Ethics
YEAR II
SEMESTER I
Course Code                          Course Title                                                              
BFC 3227                                Cost Accounting
BFB 3200                                Human Resource Management I
BFB 3201                                Business Law
BFB 3202                                 Introduction to Entrepreneurship
BFB 3203                                Principles of Leadership
BFB 3204                                Business English
BFB 3205                                    Public Relations
SEMESTER II
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                 
BFB 3250                                    Introduction to Project Management
BBS 3125                                Principles of Procurement
BFB 3251                                Organizational Behaviour
BFC 3276                                Introduction to Taxation
BFC 3226                                 Introduction to Financial Management
CIT 3251                                 Management Information System
CIT 3477                                      E –Commerce
YEAR III
SEMESTER I
COMMON COURSES
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                       
BFB 3301                                   Environmental Issues in Business
BFC 3226                                 Introduction to Financial Management
BFB 3302                                 Behavioural Science
BFB 3465                                Motivation & Stress Management
FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING OPTION : CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                     
BFC 3225                                Advanced Accounting 1
BFC 3330                                    Financial Management
BFC 3332                                Financial Institutions and Markets
PROJECT MANAGEMENT OPTION: CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                     
SMB 3300                                   Statistics for Project Managers
 BFB 3212                                   Project Planning and Scheduling
 BFB 3313                                   Project Costing and Control
YEAR III
SEMESTER II         
COMMON COURSES
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                    
EMP 3350                               Research methodology
BFB 3350                                Strategic Management
BFB 3351                                  Corporate Social Responsibility
BFB 3366                              International Business Management
FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING OPTION : CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                     
BFC 3426                             Advanced Accounting 2
BFC 3381                                Project Appraisal
BFC 3479                                Financial risk management
PROJECT MANAGEMENT OPTION: CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                    
BFB 3361                                    Project Risk Analysis and Management
BFB 3362                                    Decision Making in Projects
BFB 3363                                Project Appraisal
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                     
BFB 3365                                 Industrial attachment (8 Weeks)
YEAR IV
SEMESTER I
COMMON COURSES
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                    
BFB 3400                                 Company Law
BFB  3401                                Cross Cultural Management
BFB 3402                                  Management of Organizational Change
BFB 3420                               Leadership and Team Building

 

FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING OPTION : CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                       
BFC 3428                                Computerized Accounting
BFC 3429                                Financial Information Systems
BFC 3425                                Management Accounting
PROJECT MANAGEMENT OPTION: CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS
Course Code                          Course Title                                                              
BFB 3411                                   Project Portfolio Management
BFB 3412                                   project Finance
BFB 3413                                   Project Resources Management
YEAR IV
SEMESTER II
COMMON COURSES
Course Code                          Course Title                                                              
BBF 3450                              Managing Multinational Organizations
BFB 3451                                 Corporate Governance
BFB 3452                              Business Planning
BFC 3475                            Management Research Project  (2 units)
BFB 3469                                Workplace Counselling
FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING OPTION: CORE SPECIALIZATION UNITS                   
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                        
BFC 3429                                International Finance
BFC 3327                                Financial Accounting Theory
BFC 3329                               Advanced Taxation
PROJECT MANAGEMENT: CORE COURSE SPECIALIZATION UNITS                        
Course Code                          Course Title                                                                       
BFB 3462                                   Project Management Decision Making Models
BFB 3463                                   Projects Organization, Management and Leadership
BFB 3464                                   Global project  Management

DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Jan 2017 intake

YEAR ONE SEMESTER ONE

BBD 2101 Principles of  Procurement
BFD 2101 Introduction to Human Resource Management
SMB 2100 Introduction to Business Statistics
CIT   2117 Computer Application
BFD 2102 Principles of  Management
BFD 2103 Principles of  Accounting I
BFD 2104 Principles of  Marketing
BED 2101 Introduction to Micro-Economics

YEAR ONE SEMETER TWO

BFD 2150 Business Law
EMP 2150 Research Methodology
BED 2151 Introduction to Macroeconomics
BDS 2255 Entrepreneurship Skills
BFD 2151 Principles of Accounting II
BFD 2152 Marketing Management
BFD 2154 Principles of Auditing
UCU 2102 Communication Skills

 YEAR TWO SEMESTER ONE

BFD 2201 Organizational Theory & Development
BFD 2202 Business Studies
BFD 2203 Cost Accounting
BFD 2204 Principles of  Insurance
SMB 2200 Basic Management Mathematics
EFN 2151

UCU 2101

UCU 2103

Sociology

Development Studies

HIV/AIDS

  YEAR TWO SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2207       Industrial Attachment

Jan 2016 intake

YEAR ONE SEMESTER ONE

BBD 2101 Principles of Procurement
BFD 2101 Introduction to Human Resource Management
SMB 2100 Introduction to Business Statistics
CIT   2117 Computer Application
BFD 2102 Principles of Management
BFD 2103 Principles of Accounting I
BFD 2104 Principles of Marketing
BED 2101 Introduction to Micro-Economics

YEAR ONE SEMETER TWO

BFD 2150 Business Law
SES 2150 Research Methodology
BED 2151 Introduction to Macroeconomics
BDS 2255 Entrepreneurship Skills
BFD 2151 Principles of Accounting II
BFD 2152 Marketing Management
BFD 2154 Principles of Auditing
UCU 2102 Communication Skills

YEAR TWO SEMESTER ONE

BFD 2201 Organizational Theory & Development
BFD 2202 Business Studies
BFD 2203 Cost Accounting
BFD 2204 Principles of  Insurance
SMB 2200 Basic Management Mathematics
EFN 2151

UCU 2101

UCU 2103

Sociology

Development Studies

HIV/AIDS

 YEAR TWO SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2207       Industrial Attachment

Sept 2016 intake

YEAR ONE SEMESTER TWO

BBD 2101 Principles of Procurement
BFD 2101 Introduction to Human Resource Management
SMB 2100 Introduction to Business Statistics
CIT   2117 Computer Application
BFD 2102 Principles of Management
BFD 2103 Principles of Accounting I
BFD 2104 Principles of Marketing
BED 2101 Introduction to Micro-Economics

YEAR ONE SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2150 Business Law
EMP 2150 Research Methodology
BED 2151 Introduction to Macroeconomics
BDS 2255 Entrepreneurship Skills
BFD 2151 Principles of Accounting II
BFD 2152 Marketing Management
BFD 2154 Principles of Auditing
UCU 2102 Communication Skills

YEAR TWO SEMESTER ONE

BFD 2201 Organizational Theory & Development
BFD 2202 Business Studies
BFD 2203 Cost Accounting
BFD 2204 Principles of  Insurance
SMB 2200 Basic Management Mathematics
EFN 2151

UCU 2101

UCU 2103

Sociology

Development Studies

HIV/AIDS

YEAR TWO SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2207       Industrial Attachment

YEAR ONE SEMESTER ONE

BFD 2101 Introduction to HRM
SMB 2100 Introduction to Business Statistics
CIT 2117 Computer Application
BFD 2102 Principles of Management
BFD 2103 Principles of Accounting I
BED 2101 Introduction to Microeconomics
BFD 2104

BBD 2101

Principles of Marketing

Principles of Procurement

YEAR ONE SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2150 Business Law
EMP 2150 Research Methodology
BED 2151 Introduction to Macroeconomics
BDS 2255 Entrepreneurship Skills
BFD 2151 Principles of Accounting II
BFD 2152 Marketing Management
UCU 2102

BFD 2154

Communication Skills

Principles of Auditing

YEAR TWO SEMESTER ONE

BFE 1101 Human Resource Management
SMB1100 Basic Business Mathematics
CIT  1117 Computer Application
BFE  1102 Principles of Management
BFE  1103 Fundamentals of Accounting
BEC 1101 Introduction to Economics
UCU 1102 Communication Skills
BBC  1101 Principles of  Purchasing

YEAR TWO SEMESTER TWO

BFD 2207       Industrial Attachment

DIPLOMA IN PURCHASING AND SUPPLIES MANAGEMENT

YEAR ONE SEM ONE

BBD 2100       Principles of Procurement

BFD 2101       Introduction to Human Resource Management

SMB 2100       Introduction to Statistics

CIT 2117         Computer Applications

BFD 2102       Principles of Management

BFD 2103       Principles of Accounting I

BFD 2104       Principles of Marketing

BED 2101       Introduction to Micro-Economics

YEAR ONE SEM TWO

BBD 2150       Retail and Merchandise Management

BFD 2150       Business Law

EMP 2150       Research Methodology

BBD 2151       Public and International Procurement

BBD 2152       Stores Management and Stock Control

BFD 2157       Principles of Accounting II

BFD 2154       Principles of Auditing

BBD 2153       Supplies and Materials Management I

YEAR TWO SEM ONE

BFD 2202       Business Studies

BFD 2203       Cost Accounting

BED 2151       Introduction to Macro-Economics

BFD 2208       Principles & Practice of Human Resource Management

BBD 2201       Transport Management

BBD 2202       Supplies & Materials Management II

UCU 2102       Communication Skills

UCU 2103       HIV/AIDS

YEAR TWO SEM TWO

BFD 2207    Industrial Attachment

Certificate in Business Administration

BFE 1101 Human Resource Management
SMB 1100 Basic Business Mathematics
CIT  1117 Computer Applications
BFE  1102 Principles of Management
BFE  1103 Fundamentals of Accounting
BEC 1101 Introduction to Economics
UCU 1102 Communication Skills
BBC  1101 Principles of Purchasing

 CERTIFICATE IN PURCHASING AND SUPLLIES MANAGEMENT

BBC 1100       Introduction to Purchasing & Supplies Management

BBC 1103       Stores Management & Stock Control

CIT 1117         Computer Application

BFE 1102        Introduction to Principles of Management

BFE 1103        Introduction to Business Accounting

BBC 1102       Introduction to Legal issues in Procurement

BFE 1104        Principles of Marketing

BBC 1101       Retail & Merchandise Management

 Publications

 

  1. Kimani, E. M, Guyo, S.H and Rita, K, L. (2016). Effects of Competitive Strategies on Students Enrolment: A Survey of Institutions of Higher Learning in Meru, County, Kenya. African Journal of Co-operative Development and Technology. Volume 1, Number 1, November 2015. ISSN 2411-6645
  2. Ndungu, C.W and Guyo S. H. (2015). Corporate Entrepreneurship Practices and Revenue Generation by Government Funded Universities in Kenya. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences. Volume 5, Issue 4, November 2015. PP 124-139. ISSN: 2249-2496
  3. Munjuri, G. Beatrice and Guyo S. H. (2015). Influence of Business Training on Performances of Women Owned Micro-Enterprises in Meru County, Kenya. International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering. Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2015, PP 48-61, ISSN: 2249-0558
  4. Guyo S. H., Z. K.Mbugua and Benard Njehia. (2015). Investigation into Sustainability Challenges of the Youths` Enterprises in Marsabit County, Kenya. Journal of Entrepreneurship 3, No. 1 January, 2015 ISSN 2349-5383
  5. Guyo S. H., Z. K.Mbugua and Benard Njehia. (2015). Effects of Business Training Needs Analysis on Competencies of Trainees: The Kenyan Experience. Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 20, Issue 1, Ver. II, January, 2015, PP 76-85
  6. Guyo S. H., Benard Njehia and Z. K.Mbugua. (2015). Business Training Evaluation: Application and Effects on Trainee Competencies. Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17, Issue 1.Ver. I, January. 2015, PP 60-72
  7. Kirimi,Titus and Guyo, S. H . (2014). A Survey of Determinant of Access to Informal Credit by Small Businesses in Meru County, Kenya. Journal of Business and Management. Volume 16, Issue 4, April 2014
  8. Muriuki K. Muriithi, Guyo, S. H and Ibuathu C. Njati. (2014). Factors Influencing Growth of Dairy Farming Business in Imenti South District of Meru County, Kenya. Journal of Business and Management. Volume 16, Issue 4. Ver. PP 47-53, April 2014
  9. Hellen, K. Machira, Ibuathu C. Njati, Kubaison S. Thiaine Guyo, S. H. (2014). Accessibility of Women Enterprise Fund among small and Micro Women Enterprise Owners in Tharaka South District, Kenya. Journal of Business and Management. Volume 16, Issue 1. Ver. III. PP 79-103, January 2014
  10. Kimathi Antoney Njagi, Ibuathu Charles Njati and Guyo, S. H. (2013). Factors Affecting Profitability of Fish Farming Under Economic Stimulus Programme in Tigania East District, Meru County, Kenya. Journal of Business and Management Volume 15, Issue 3, December 2013.
  11. Munene, H. Nguta and Guyo, S. H. (2013). Factors Influencing Loan Repayment Default in Micro-Finance Institutions: The Experience of Imenti North District, Kenya. International journal of applied science and technology, vol.3, no. 3, March 2013
  12. Waweru, M., Guyo, S.H and Shano, D. (2011). Financing of Higher Education in Africa: A Case of Ethiopian Public Universities` Revenue Diversification Strategies. International Journal of business and Public Management, vol.1, no.1, April, 2011
  13. Waweru, M., Guyo, S. H and Shano, D. (2011). Financing of Higher Education in Africa: A Case of Ethiopian Public Universities` cost containment Strategies. Education Research vol. 2, no. 4, April, 2011
  14. Shano, D and Guyo, S. H. (2011). The use of marketable securities by large companies: A case of companies listed at Nairobi stock exchange. Kenya. Journal of Education Planning Economics and Management, Volume 3, Number 3, July 2011
  15. Guyo, S. H. (2010). Consumer Ethnocentrisms versus Polycentricism in Bangalore Mega polis: Lessons for Kenyan Marketers. International Journal of Professional Practice. Volume 1, number 1. pp 55-64
  16. L, Dawe. S and Mbogo. J, (2016). The influence of loan collateral requirements on loan uptake from banks listed at NSE, Research journal
  17. N, Dawe.S, and Rukangu.S ,(2016).Management Factors Influencing Financial Sustainability of Youth Group Projects Funded by Youth Enterprise Development Fund in Maara Sub-County of Tharaka Nithi County, International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering & Management
  18. S, Shano. S and Rukangu.S ,(2016).Use of Control Activities in Fraud Control in Financial Institutions: A Case of Financial Institutions in Meru Town, Kenya,International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, United Kingdom Vol. IV, Issue 8, 589-602 http://ijecm.co.uk/
  19. Dawe,M.S(2016).Be wary investors: Foremost factors in asset performance in East Africa. A case of collective investment schemein Kenya.Research in Economics and management. Stolink, United State. vol1(1)
  20. Dawe,M.S(2016).The market timing skills of fund managers in developing economies: a case of Kenya equity and blended funds ,World Scientific News 45(2), 111-125
  21. Kirimi, J and Dawe, M.S (2016).Influence of corporate social responsibility activities on the financial performance of commercial banks in Meru town, Kenya” International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom Vol. III, Issue 9, September 2015 http://ijecm.co.uk/     ISSN 2348 0386.
  22. Dawe, M. S (2014). The performance of equity funds in Kenya” Asian Journal of Business and Management (ISSN: 2321 – 2802) Volume 02– Issue 05.
  23. Dawe,M.S .,Pokhariyal,G. and Muroki,M.(2014).The performance persistence of mutual funds in Kenya International Journal of Economics and Finance; Vol. 6, No. 8; 2014 .ISSN 1916-971X E-ISSN 1916-9728
  24. Waweru, G., Mbogo, J. and Shano, M.D. (2013). Privatization conundrum in the 21st century: A study of privatized companies quoted at the Nairobi stock exchange (European Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 2222-1905, ISSN 2222-2839 (Online), Vol.5, No.18, 2013
  25. Waweru, G., Mbogo, J. and Shano, M.D. (2013. Effect of privatization on liquidity performance: A case of firms listed at Nairobi stock exchange (IJEF)
  26. Muguna,A.T. and Dawe, M.S.(2010).The impact of stress and the importance of its Management by the organization (OSSREA)
  27. Hussein, O., Ibuathu, C. N. & Rukangu, S. (2016). Influence of Work Life Balance on Employee Job Satisfaction: A Case of Northern Rangelands Trust in Isiolo County, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management. United Kingdom; http://ijecm.co.uk/ IV, Issue 11 PP (443-457) November 2016; ISSN 2348 0386.
  28. Ndunga, R. M., Ibuathu, C. N. & Rukangu, S. (2016). Influence of Technological Innovation on Bank Performance in Meru town, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management. United Kingdom; http://ijecm.co.uk/ IV, Issue 11, PP (481-495) November 2016; ISSN 2348 0386.
  29. Ibuathu C. N. (2016). Drug Abuse and Addiction Effects on Human Body. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 21, Issue 9 Ver. 3 (Sep. 2016) PP 54-57 e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p-ISSN: 2279-0845. iosrjournals.org.
  30. Ibuathu C.N. (2016). Planning and Managing Technical and Vocational Education in Polytechnics: Priorities in Training Trends and Prospects: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 – 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 – 7714 www.ijhssi.org ||Volume 5 Issue 4 ||April. 2016 || PP.06-18.
  31. Awando, P. A., Simon R. & Ibuathu, C. N., (2015). Influence of Financial Resource on Successful Implementation of Strategic Plans in the Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development in Meru County, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom Vol. I I I, Issue 11 PP 929-939 November 2015
  32. Munyua C. K., Rukangu S. & Ibuathu C. N. (2015). Influence of Remuneration on Performance of Banking Agent Workers in Meru County, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management; United KingdomVol. III, Issue 11, PP 702-714, November 2015.
  33. Kaguri, M., Ibuathu C. N. & Kubaison, S. T. (2014). Financial Management Challenges Facing Implementation of Free Day Secondary Education in Imenti North District, Kenya. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) e-ISSN: 2278-487X, p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Volume 16, Issue 1. Ver. III (Jan. 2014), PP 55-78.
  34. Muriuki K.M., Guyo H. & Ibuathu C.N. (2014). Factors Influencing Growth of Dairy Farming Business in Amentia South District of Meru County, Kenya. IOSR Journal of Business and Management 01/2014; 16(4):21-31. DOI: 10.9790/487X-16432131.
  35. Ibuathu C.N. & Kubaison S.T. (2013). The Impact of Vocational Training for Rural Development: A case Study of Youth Polytechnics in Nyambene District. International Journal of Human Resource and procurement, Vol.1, Issue 1, 2013 (http://www.ijse.org).
  36. Ibuathu C.N. & Kubaison S.T. (2013). Realizing Equal Opportunities among Youth Groups in Accessing Government Financial Credit Facilities. International Journal of Human Resource and procurement, Vol.1, Issue 1, 2013 (http://www.ijse.org).
  37. Njagi A. & Ibuathu C.N. (2013). Factors Affecting Profitability of Fish Farming under Economic Stimulus Programme in Tigania East District, Meru County, Kenya-IOSR Journal of Business and Management; Volume 15 Issssue:3, 2013 (http://www.iosrjournals.org).
  38. Rita K.L (2016);Effects of Talent Attraction on Organization Performance in Companies listed in Nairobi Security Exchange in Kenya ,International Journal of Science and Research,Vol 5(10)
  39. Rita K.L (2016); Effects of Learning and Development on Organization Performance in Companies Listed in Nairobi Securities Exchange, International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship Vol 5(10)
  40. Ndumba M, Rita L, and Rukangu S.(2016); Effects of Human Resource Management practices on growth of Sacco societies in Imenti North Sub County”. International Journal of Science and Research,Vol 5(10)
  41. Kathambi C. K, Lyria R and Rukangu S (2016); Effects of Job Satisfaction on Public Service Employee Performance in the Ministry of Education in Meru County, International Journal of advanced Research in Engineering and management .
  42. Njoroge J. K, Lyria R.  and Mwenda G.  (2016) ;Social – Economic and Legal Factors affecting Growth of Business owned by Entrepreneurs with Disability in Rural Areas in Kenya, International Journal of Science and Research,Vol 5(10)
  43. Mutuma , lyria R and  Ireri J (2016);Challenges of Budget Implementation in the Public Sector ,A Case of Meru County, International Journal of Science and Research, Vol 5(10)
  44. Kamba K. A, Wachira A. and Rita L. (2016),; Influence  of Performance of Various Products on Financial Sustainability of Micro Finance Institutions in Imenti North Sub County
  45. Muchena Z. K, Rita L. and Ntongai D. (2016); Effects of strategic responses on competitiveness of Saving and Credit cooperative society, a survey of Imenti North sub-county Meru county, International Journal of advanced multidisciplinary Research Vol 3(10)
  46. Kamwara R , Lyria R, Mbogo J.(2016)“The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Financial performance of manufacturing ,Construction and Allied Sector of Nairobi Securities Exchange ,Kenya, International Journal of advanced multidisciplinary Research Vol 3(10)
  47. Mwangi H. M,Wachira V.and Rita K..L (2015); Effects of Inventory Conversion Period on profitability of Tea Factories in Meru County ,Kenya. International Journal of Economics Commerce and Management Vol 3(10)
  48. Gakuu K.J, Wachira A. and Lyria K. L;(2015) Influence of Collateral Requirements on SACCO’s Credit Accessibility in Imenti North Sub-County, Kenya. International Journal of Economics Commerce and Management Vol 3(9). pp890-903.
  49. Thuranira E.B,Kubaison T.and Rita K. L (2015); Contribution of Mobile payments in The Growth of Micro Business ,A case of M-pesa in Maua Town ,Kenya. International Journal of Economics Commerce and Management. Vol 3 (11).
  50. Gatakaa P.N,Kubaison T and  Lyria R.K.(2015); Influence of Startup Loans From Youth Enterprise Development Fund on Growth of Youth Enterprise in Maara Constistuency ,Kenya .International Journal of Economics Commerce and Management, Vol 3(11).
  51. Kibicho S.W,Rita K.and Shano M.(2017) Effectiveness of Financial practices on Public Sector Reforms in Kenya Rural Roads Authority,Kenya.European Journal of Economics and Financial Research,Vol 2(5)
  52. Mwithiga I.,Rita K.and Shano M.(2017) Influence of Entrepreneur Skills on the Growth of Micro and Small Enterprises Owned by Women In Meru County.European Journal of Social Sciences Studies .Vol 2(9).

 

  1. Lwiki, T., Ojera,P. ,Mugenda ,N. and Wachira ,A.(2013)The Impact  of Inventory  Management  Practices  on Financial  Performance  of Sugar  Manufacturing  Firms  in Kenya . International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology.  3 (5)
  2. Muinde, M. and Njoroge, Z. (2014). The role of strategic procurement approaches in internal supply performance: A case study of Kenya vehicle manufacturer’s ltd. International journal of social sciences and enterprenuership.Vol 1(13).
  3. Njura,FK.,Kubaison,T(2017)Influence of Leadership Styles on Service Delivery in Embu County Government,Kenya.European Journal of Economic and Financial Research,Vol.2 Issue 5.
  4. Bita, GM., Kubaison,ST., Muketha,MK(2016) Influence of cost leadership as a generic competitive strategy on Microfinance institutions’ customer satisfaction in Meru,Kenya. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research.Volume 3, Issue 11 -2016
  5. Muketha,J.K.,Kubaison,ST.,Thuranira,L.(2016)Influence of Relationship Marketing on Customer Retention in the Branches of Commercial Banks in Meru Town, Kenya. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research. Volume 3, Issue 11 -2016
  6. Wanjira, JW., Kubaison ST, Nzomo, M.M(2016)Effect Of Innovation On Performance Of KTDA
  7. Managed Factories In Meru County, Kenya, International Journal Of Advanced Research in Engineering & Management (IJAREM)Vol.2 Issue 4,2016.
  8. Ndiga,PG,Kubaison,ST.,Lyria,RK(2015) Influence Of Startup Loans From Youth Enterprise Development Fund On Growth Of Youth Enterprises In Maara Constituency, Kenya.International Journal of Economics,Commerce and Management . III, Issue 11, November 2015
  9. Sandi, JM.,Kubaison,ST.,Rukangu,SM(2015)Effect of Staff Performance Appraisal Outcomes on Employee Job Performance: A Case of Invesco Assurance Company Kenya Limited. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) Volume 17, Issue 11 .Ver. II (Nov. 2015)
  10. Ethang’atha,B.T., Kubaison,ST.,Lyria,RK(2015) Contributions Of Mobile Payments In The Growth Of Micro Business A Case Of M-Pesa In Maua Town, Kenya. International Journal of Economics,Commerce and Management . III, Issue 11, November 2015
  11. Githinji,GW.,Kubaison,ST.,Rukangu,SM.(2015) Role Of Training Staff In Customer Satisfaction In The Banking Sector: A Case Of Equity Bank In Central Rift Region, Kenya.The Sstrategic Journal Of Business & Change Management 2, Iss. 2 (125), pp 2078 – 2098, Nov 16, 2015, www.strategicjournals.com, ©Strategic Journals
  12. Mutiria,JK.,Kubaison,ST.,Rukangu,SM(2015) Factors Influencing Employee Retention at Meru University of

Science and Technology. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) Volume 17, Issue 11 .Ver. II (Nov. 2015), PP 75-82

  1. iosrjournals.org

Kubaison,ST.,Gachunga,HG.,Odhiambo,R.(2014)  Relationship Between Direct Participation Schemes  And  Organizational Performance In Government Owned Agencies In Kenya.International Journal of Research In Social Sciences.Vol.4 issue 4(Aug.2014).

  1. Makena,P.,  Kubaison,TS.,   Njati , CI(2014). Challenges Facing Women Entrepreneurs In Accessing Business

Finance In Kenya: A Case Of Ruiru Township, Kiambu County IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) Volume 16, Issue 4. Ver. III (Apr. 2014), PP 83-91 www.iosrjournals.org

  1. Machira,K.,Njati,C., Kubaison,ST(2014)Realizing equal opportunities among youth groups in agribusiness sector in accessing government financial credit facilities, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol.15 Issue no.2, Nov.2013.
  2. Kawira,M., Kubaison, ST.,Ibuathu, CN(2014)Accessibility of women enterprise fund among small and micro enterprise owners in Tharaka South District.IOSR, Journal of Business and Management Vol.16, Issue 1, 2014
  3. Ibuathu,CN.,Kubaison, ST.(2013)The impact of vocational training for rural development: A case study of Youth Polytechnics in Nyambene District. International Journal of Human Resource & Procurement, Vol.1 issue 5, 2013.
  4. Kubaison,ST(2014)The Mediating role of employee attitude between participation schemes and organizational performance in state corporations in Kenya. IJRSS Vol.4 no.3, July 2014.
  5. Kubaison,ST.,Gachunga H.,Odhiambo,R(2014) Relationship between direct participation schemes and organizational performance in GOAs in Kenya.IJRSS Vol.4 issue No. 4.August, 2014.
  6. Kubaison, ST.,Ibuathu CN., Kaguri,M.( 2014) Financial Management Challenges Facing Implementation of Free Day Secondary Education in Imenti North District, Kenya”. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Volume 16, Issue 1. Ver. III.
  7. Itonga, L., Waweru, G., & Huka, G. S. (2016). Implications of credit access and financial performance of women owned micro and small enterprises in Imenti north sub-county, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 4(11), 583-587.
  8. Wangechi, G. P., & Waweru, G. (2015). Effects of Information on Loan Access: A Case of Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 5(6), 190-207.
  9. Kahuria, C. W., & Waweru, G. (2015). Does capital structure matter? Effects on profitability of firms listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Journal of Business Economics and Finance, 4(3), 316-330.
  10. Waweru, G., Mbogo, J., Shano, M., & Gichana, I. (2014). Impact of Privatization on Companies Liquidity: A Case of Companies Listed At Nairobi Securities Exchange. International Journal of Empirical Finance, 2(1), 1-26.
  11. Mbogo, J., & Waweru, G. (2014). Corporate Turn Around Strategies By Financially Distressed Companies Quoted At The Nairobi Securities Exchange. Research Journal of Finance and Accounting, 5(2), 137-147.
  12. Ntongai, D.M, (2016)/ Knowledge, the Fulcrum of Industry competition; International Journal of Strategic Management. Vol. 5(4). Pp 108-122
  13. Mugwika, G.R. (2012). “The Kenyan SME: the case of IMDC limited.”International journal of business and management cases (IJBMC), Vol.1 (1).

 

  1. Kilonzi, E.M., Rukangu, S. Mugwika, G.R. (2015). “Effects of sweepstakes on growth of deposits in national bank branches within Nairobi county of Kenya” journal of humanities and social science (IOSR-JHSS) volume 20, issue 11, ver. I.
  2. Kilonzi, E.M., Rukangu, S. Mugwika, G.R. (2015).”Effects of sales contest on growth of deposits in national bank branches within Nairobi county of Kenya” international journal of management research & review (IJMRR) volume 5/issue 10
  3. Kilonzi, E.M., Rukangu, S. Mugwika, G. (2016).” Relationship between sales promotion and growth of deposits in national bank of Kenya, Nairobi county” international journal of advanced engineering and management research (IJAEMR) vol. 1 issue 5
  4. Rintaugu, G., Rukangu, S., & Kalinda, M.J. (2016). “Influence of Agency Banking Services on Service Delivery in Equity Bank. A Study of Meru County, Kenya.” International Journal of Economics, Commerce, and Management (IJECM), 4, issue 14.
  1. Magdalene M;Nguta H,Shano M( 2017)”Influence of Financial Innovationson Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya”International Journal of Economics and Finance Vol 6(12)

 Research Projects Completed

 2014

  1. Murithi Margeret Karimi”Factors that influence growth of Real Estate Investments ,a survey of residential Real Estate in Meru Township,kenya.MBA-0010/2011
  2. Makena Phillis”Challenges facing Women Entrepreneurs in Accessing Credit facilities in kenya;A case of ruirutownship Kiambu County
  3. Machira Hellen Kawira”Accessibility of Women Enterrprise Fund by Women Micro-Enterprise owners in Tharaka South sub County,Kenya MSE/0005/2011
  4. Beatrice Gacheri Munjuri”Effects of trining in Business operation on performance of Women Microenterprises funded by women enterprise fund in Imenti North,Meru county ,kenya
  5. Murianki Morris Murithi’Effects of promotion elements on sales ,acase of women groups in Imenti North District,meru County.MBA-0013-2011
  6. Margeret kananu”Factors Influencng the choice of University by self sponsored students in Kenya.A survey of Universities in Meru County.mba-0023/2011
  7. Eliezer Kaburu”Factors Influencing Coffee Societies in Imenti North and Buuri Districts of Meru County ,kenya MBA-0017/2011
  8. Chabari Joseph Kabii”Influence of Government Regulations on the performance of alcoholic Businesses in kenyamba/0008/2011
  9. Kimathi Anthony Njagi”Factors affecting profitability of fish farming under economic stimulas programme in Tigania East District,meru County,Kenya MSE /0004/2011
  10. Gacicio Pauline Wangechi”Factors affecting smaal and Medium Enterprises owners in accessing loans from Commercial Banks ,a case of Small and meidam enterprises in meru County munipality,Kenya mba-0011/2011

2015

  1. Daniel Wachira Githinji “Role of Training staff on customer Satisfaction in the Banking Sector,A case of Equity Bank in Central Rift Region ,Kenya MBA/0012/2011
  2. Jackson Makenzi Kalinda” Influence of Agency Banking Services on Service Delivery in Equity Bank ,A study of meru County .MBA/0053/2012
  3. Janet Kaari “Factors Influencing employee Retention at Meru Universityb of Science and Technology.MBA-0044/2012
  4. Elijah Mulei Kilonzi”Effects of sales Promotion on growth of deposits in national Bank Branches Within Nairobi County.MBA-0022/2011
  5. Munyua Kendi Caroline “Influence of working Environment on banking Agent workers performance ;A case of Postbank Agent in Meru County.MBA -043/2012
  6. Lucy Kagwiria mwirigi”Use of non Monetary Incentives to Improve Service Delivery in Public Institutions In Tharaka Nithi County,a case of chukka university.MBA-0059/2012
  7. Samuel Ngigi Nyakarimi”Internal control Systems as means of Fraud Control in Deposit taking Financial Institutions in Imenti North sub county .MBA-0088/2013
  8. Julius Mugambi Sandi’Effects of staff Performance appraisal outcomes on employee job performance ,a case of Invesco Assurance Kenya Limited.MBA040/2013
  9. Jephitha Kirimi Karuti” Influence of corporate Social responsibility activities on financial performance of commercial banks in Meru Town,Meru County.MBA-030/2012
  10. Muturi harrisison Mwangi”Effects of Working Capital Management on profitability of tea factories in Meru County”MBA/0084/2013
  11. Mkuma Ezekiel Kimani”Effects of Competitive Strategies on Students Enrolment ;A survey of institution of higher learning in Meru County”MBA /0082/2013
  12. Awando Phillip ager “Determinants of successful implementation of strategic plan for the ministry of lands, housing and urban development offices, in meru county “MBA-067/2012
  13. Bernard Thuranira Ethangatha “Contribution of mobile payment on growth of micro Business ,a case of M-pesa in Maua ,Meru.MBA-0062/2012
  14. Ndiga Purity “Role of youth enterprise development fund on the growth of youth enterprise,A case of Maara constituency ,tharaka Nithi County.BS402/4207/13
  15. Elizabeth Kananu “determinants of lending interest rates of commercial banks in Kenya.MBA-0052/2012
  16. Catherine Wahito Kahuria “Effects of capital structure of financial performance of affirm,a case of companies listed at Nairobi Securities Exchange .MBA-0047/2012.
  17. John Gakuu Karanja”Determinants of Sacco Credit Accessibility in Imenti North sub County;A survey of Sacco’s in Imenti North sub County.

2016

  1. Monica Ndumba Marangu,”Effects of Human Resource Management practices on growth of Sacco societies in Imenti North Sub County”. Registration number MBA/0065/2012.
  2. Caroline Kathambi Kinoti,” Effects of Job Satisfaction on Public Service Employee Performance in the Ministry of Education in Meru County”. Registration number MBA-0056/2012.
  3. Justin Njoroge Kagweri “Social – Economic and Legal Factors affecting Growth of Business owned by Entrepreneurs with Disability in Rural Areas in Kenya “BS402/4209/13.
  1. Muchena Zipporah Karamana” Effects of strategic responses on competitiveness of saving and credit cooperative society. (A survey of Imenti north sub-county Meru county) Bus401/4204/2013
  2. Mutuma Annie M.”Challenges of Budget Implementation in the Public Sector ,A Case of  Meru County”MBA-0060/2012
  3. Kiriinya Agnes Kamba “ Influence of Performance of Various Products on Financial Sustainability of Micro Finance Institutions in Imenti North Sub County”MBA-0090/2013
  4. Robert Kamwara ,“The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Financial Performance of Manufacturing ,Construction and Allied Sector of Nairobi Securities Exchange ,Kenya “ BS401/0285/13
  5. Ndege Eric”Management Factors Influencing Financial Sustainability of Youth Group Projects Funded by Youth Enterprise Development Fund in Maara Sub County of Tharaka Nithi County”MBA-0048/2012.
  6. Leah Wangui” Influence Of Human Resource Development Practices on Employment engagement in Non –Governmental Organization operating in Meru,kenya”BS401/4211/2014
  7. David Gitonga Kathuraku”Effect of Recruitment and Selection Procedures on Workers Job Performance in Isiolo County Gorvernment,Kenya.BS401/4223/2014
  8. Osman Hussein Ali” Effects of Work Environment on Employee Job Satisfaction ,A case of Northern Rangelands Trust.MBA0061/2012
  9. Geoffrey Mwikamba Bita”Influence of Generic Competitive Strategies on Microfinance institutions on customer Satisfaction in Meru Town,Kenya “BS4225/2014
  10. Lenity Gatwiri Ncheri”Institutional Factors Influencing Loan Uptake from Commercial bankslisted in the Nairobi Securities Exchange ,Kenya.BS 401/4218/2014
  11. Raymond Mwendwa Ndonga” Innovation on Commercial Banks Fianancial Performance .A survey of commercial Banks Branches in meru County of Kenya.MBA/0071/2012
  12. Juliet Wanjira Wambui “Effect of strategic cost management on Finacial Performance of Tea factories in Meru County.BS401/7212/13
  13. Jackson Makenzi Kalinda”Influence of agency Baking services on service delivery in Equity Bank, A case of Meru County .MBA/0053/2012
  14. Michael Njeru”Effects of credit management system on loan performance of commercial Banks Kenya MBA-0027/2011.
  15. Charity Muthoni Ndengwa “Factors Influencing Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions In Imenti North Subcounty,meru counntybs-4205/2014
  16. Joan Karambu Muketha”Influence of Relationship Marketing on Customer retention in the Selected Commercial Banks in Meru,Kenya”MBA/0081/13.
  17. Lucy Itonga” factors affecting financial performance of women owned micro and small enterprises in imenti north sub-county, meru county, kenya” BS401/4211/13

Graduated December 2017

  1. Mwithiga Isaac “Determinants of Growth of Women owned micro and small etnterprises in Meru County,(A survey of enterprises within Meru Town” BS 402/4205/13

 

  1. Doreen Ntinyari Nkoroi” The Extent of Absorption of Mobile Money Services  on Working Capital Management By smes Within Meru Town Central Business District “BS401/0290/1

 

  1. Kibicho Simon Wahome”The Effectiveness of Financial Management Pratices on Public Sector Reforms-A Case of Kenya Rural Roads Authority ”MBA -0054/2012Flora

 

  1. Njura Kanyua ”Factors Influencing Implementation of Service Delivery in County Government of Embu,kenya”BS401/7210/14

 

  1. Magdalene Ngala Mukiri “Influence of Financial Innovations on Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya” International Journal of Economics and Finance BS401/4216/13

Ongoing Research Projects

S/no. Supervisor

 name

2nd supervisor Students detail Title of the project/proposal s/no.
  Dr. Guyo S. Huka  

 

 

 

 

 

MBA/0076/2013:

Abdikadir Mohamed Ali

 

Challenges Facing Marketing of Livestock and Livestock Products in Isiolo County, Kenya 1
  Dr. Rita Lyria Dr. Ann MBA-0058/2012RA1 :Muriungi Nancy Kanyiri Relationship between strategy development and performance of public organizations. A survey of national governmentdepartments in Isiolo county 2

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. kubaison thiane Lydia Thuranira Bs401/7216/13:Lydia M Muriuki Influence of Communication Channels in Enhancing Performance at County Government of Isiolo 3
  Dr. Guyo  

 

 

Julius Ithai

 

BS402/4203/13: Kamundi Mwiti Silas

The influence of women enterprise fund in meru. The case of women enterprenuers in central imenti constituency 4
  Dr. Njati Charles Dr Rita BS402/4208/13: Murikinyi M’Kiugu Determinants of Entrepreneurial intentions among Undergraduate Students in Kenya. A case of Meru University of Science and Technology 5
    Dr. Njati BS401/4206/14 :Njeru Lucy Wanja A comparative study on customer relationship strategies adoipted by major higher learning institutions in kenya 6
    Dr.Rukangu MBA-0057/2012: Muriuki Alex Influence of Youth Enterprise Development Fund on the Growth of Individual Youth Enterprises 7
Dr. Rukangu MBA-0002/2011: Wekesa Sichangi

 

An Investigation of the Effects of Flexible Working Arrangement on Employee Work Performance at Finlay Farm in Timau, Meru County

 

8
Dr. Mohamed Shano

 

Dr. Rukangu MBA/0038/2012: Kinoti Stephen Kithinji Effect of Adoption Computerized Accounting on Financial Performance : A Case of Manufacturing Companies Quoted in NSE 9
Virginia Wachira MBA-0049/2012:Muriuki Lilian Muthoni The Effects of Agency Banking on Performance of Commercial Banks in Meru County 10
Dr. Agness Dr. Njati MBA-0025/2011: Mwithimbu John Mutwiri Devolved government services and its effect on performance of county government employees in Meru central sub county 11
Muriungi Antony Dr. Njati Bs401/7201/13:Kennedy Omukuba Nyawanga The impact of working capital management on the financial performance of firms 12
Mr. Gatobu Dr. Guyo Doreen Kendi

Reg No.BS401/4209/15

Effects of Efficient Management Information System on quality decisions 13
  Dr. waweru Dr. Elijah walubukha Kenneth Paul Thuranira

Reg No.BS401/4210/15

The role of internal audit function in promoting effective corporate governance of county governments in Kenya. 14
  Patrick kireria Dr.Shano Bonface Maingi Gatobu

Reg No.BS401/2605/15

The effects of Internal audit in Management system in fraud minimization in Meru County 15
  Alex Wachira Dr. Elijah walubukha Gladys Onkundi

Reg No.BS401/4209/15

Factors determining credit facilities by small enterprises in Gakoromone Market 16
  Virginia Wachira Dr. Guyo S. Huka Dennis Gichuru

Reg No.BS401/4209/15

Effects of Interest rate capping on financial performance of banks 17
  Dr. Shano Dr. Guyo S. Huka Gaichuru Eunice Murugi

Reg No.BS401/2604/15

The effects of Financial Innovation on Financial performance on Sacco’s within the Eastern region in Kenya 18
  Virginia Wachira Dr. Rita Lyria Doris Mwendwa Kaibiria

Reg No.BS401/4207/15

Influence of mobile banking on profitability of banking Institutions, a case study of Meru County 19
  Virginia Wachira Dr. Guyo S. Huka Silma Keitany Hillary

Reg No.BS401/2607/15

Challenges facing implantation of IFMIS 20
  Virginia Wachira Dr. Rita Lyria Geoffrey Muchai

Reg No.BS401/4205/15

Factors affecting revenue generation among water service providers in Kenya 21
  Virginia Wachira Dr. Rita Lyria Bob Mwenda

Reg No.BS401/2608/15

Market interest rate and Commercial Bank Profitability in Kenya 22
  Prof. Kirigia Dr. Rita Lyria  

Kirema Boniface Mung’ori

Reg No.BS401/2603/15

Factors affecting accessibility of financial services from micro financial institutions by women Entrepreneurs in Meru town 23
  Dr.Guyo Dr. Shano Muriuki Everlyne Makena

Reg No.BS401/2602/15

Effects of Financial Inclusion on the growth of Microfinance Institutions in Kenya 24
  Dr. Elijah walubukha Haldess Nguta Susan Muthoni Kiambi

Reg No.BS401/2606/15

Challenges facing adoption of IFMIS by County Governments’ case study of Meru County 25
  Dr. Ann Muriuki Dr. kubaison thiane Catherine Karambu Mwamba

Reg No.BS401/4202/15

Strategy Implementation in deposit taking Saccos 26
  Dr. Agness Mungania Dr. kubaison thiane Grace Karimi Gitonga

Reg No.BS401/4212/15

Work environment conflict and employees’ productivity, a case study of county governments in Kenya. 27
  Dr. Shano Haldess Nguta Johnson Mwirigi Ritha

Reg no. BS401/8601/15

Credit policy and its effect on the performance of small and medium enterprise in Maua town 28
  Dr. Elijah walubukha Dr. kubaison thiane Kaburia Elias Guantai

Reg No. Bs401/8208/16

Determinants of employee turnover in flower farming in Meru county 29
  Dr. Elijah walubukha Dr. kubaison thiane Gitonga Martin Mutembei

Reg no. Bs401/8607/15

Organizational reward system and job satisfaction of health workforce in county government of meru county 30
  Samuel Mbogori Dr. Shano Dennis Murega Ntahbathia

BS401/8602/15

Working capital management and their effectiveness on business profitability of small and medium enterprises at isiolo town 31
  Alex Wachira Dr. Shano Mwangi antony kiragu

Reg no. MBA-0075/13

Influence of credit risk management practices on financial performance of commercial banks in meru 32
  Alex Wachira Dr. Rukangu Gitari Magdalene Mwende

BS401/0291/13

The effect of credit handling process on the performance of commercial banks listed at Nairobi stock exchange 33
  Gichana Dr. Elijah walubukha Mburung’a Elicana Mwiti

MBA-0085/2013

Evaluation of the internal audit on the financial performance of banks listed at NSE 34
  Dr. Ann Muriuki Dr.Rukangu Gitobu Ayub Muroria

BS402/4201/13

The role of business planning in promoting growth of small enterprise. A case of selected small enterprises in Meru county 35
  Dr  Guyo Dr. Kubaison Gitonga Martin Kinoti

BS401/4213/13

Effect of strategic alliances on the financial performance insurance firms in Meru town 36
  Dr. waweru Frank kirianki Judy M.Munyao

BS401/4208/14

Influence of technology on management accounting in public sector 37
  Samuel Mbogori Dr. Waweru Nthigah G. Mercy

BS401/4203/14

Determinants of loan defaults in the micro finance banking. A case study of women enterprise fund credit in tharaka constituency 38
  Frank Kirianki Dr Agness mungania Gatobu Henry Alaine

BS401/4221/14

The influence of IFMIS on cash management in meru county 39
  Dr. waweru Dr rita Kaaria Jackline Gakii

BS401/0281/13

Importance of individual investment to energizing the economy 40
  Alex wachira Dr. Njati Charles Kimani Stephen

BS401/4219/14

Effect of computerized accounting on financial performance of saving and credit cooperative society in Imenti north constituency 41
  Dr. Mohamed Shano Dr. Rukangu Ithara Mary Karwirwa MBA-0087/2013

 

Determinants  of capital structure for banking sector firms listed in Nairobi securities   exchange 42
  Dr. waweru Dr. Njati Charles Mba-086-2013

Patrick Muriki Kiruki

 

Risk based audit in enhancing effective advisory and assurance services to public universities in Kenya

A survey of public Universities in Embu, Tharaka Nithi and Meru counties

 

43
  Alex wachira Dr. Rukangu Mwangi Alex Muchoki BS401/4213/13 Effectiveness of risk management strategies on foreign currency exposure amongst oil marketing companies in Kenya 44
  Dr. Njati Charles Dr. Guyo S Huka MBA/0072/2013 The impact of performance appraisal on employee productivity. A survey of commercial banks in Meru town 45
  Dr. Shano Dr. Njati Charles MBA/0089/2013: Kaibiria Charles Mwenda Implementation of IPSAS in County Government 46
  Ntongai Dr. Rita MBA-0079/2013 Njeru Dennis Mugendi The Analysis of resource Factors influencing strategy Implementation at Meru County Government 47
  Mr. Gatobu Dr. Rukangu MBA-0073/2013 Ng’ang’a Eva Nyambura Effect of marketing mix on customer perceptions: a case of Hello money in meru County 48
  Dr. Gabriel Waweru Dr. Rita MBA-0070/2013 Ngumbi Avignon Mbiti Effects of credit accessibility by customers on the profitability of micro finance institutions in Imenti North Sub county 49
  Dr. Shano Dr. Rita MBA-0050/2012 Kithinji Frankline Festus Effect of credit information sharing on small and medium enterprises access to bank credit in Meru county, Kenya 50
  Dr. Rita Dr. Agness MBA-0041/2012 Mutai Martin Mugambi Relationship between reward and motivation among employees 51
  Julius Ithai Dr. Rukangu BS401/0287/13   Riungu Senan Kawira The impact of auditing on the performance of  small and medium sized enterprises 52
  Frank kirianki Dr. Rita BS401/0288/13                 Gitonga Jeremy Macharia An investigation into the effect of internal control systems on financial performance of commercial banks listed at NSE 53
  Dr. Kubaison Dr. Rukangu MBA-0042/2012 Muthamia Joseph Kirimi Not yet 54
  Dr. Shano Dr. Guyo BS401/0283/13

Thiringi  Daniel  Mwirabua

  55
  Mr. Gatobu Dr. Rukangu MBA-0045/2012 Kinyua Pamela Makandi Phone not going through 56
  Mr. Gatobu Dr. Guyo MBA-0046/2012 Mutwiri Doreen Kendi   57
  Dr.Rita Dr. Rukangu MBA-0064/2012 Matti Leonard Kaburu Not interested, retired from job 58
  Dr. Kubaison Dr. Ann MBA-0083/2013 Kavengi Winfred Koki Not yet 59
  Lydia Thuranira Dr. Rita BS402/4202/13     Kaari Gerald Njagi   60
  Lydia Thuranira Dr. Rita BS401/7208/13  Mwanza Mutinda Bernard   61
      BS401/4201/14 Miriam Karimi   62
  Dr. Kubaison Dr. Ann BS401/4206/13 Mutwiri Sarah Gatwiri   63
  Dr. Shano Patrick Kireria MBA-0051/2012 Kinoti Humphrey Kiumbani   64
  Alex Wachira Dr. Guyo MBA-0078/2013 Kinoti Eric Mwirigi   65
  Alex Wachira Dr. Rukangu MBA-0075/2013 Mwangi Anthony Kiragu   66
  Dr. Gabriel Waweru Dr. Agness MBA-0074/2013 Barack Hassan Wako The impact of index based livestock insurance on Kenyan economy  
  Alex Wachira Dr. MBA-0035/2012 David Nagaa Silikan   68

 

 

 

 

 

67

 

           

 

School Contact Information Email

Sbe@must.ac.ke

 

Click the link below to download a word document of the programmes.

SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (SBE)  PROGRAMMES

SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (SBE)